That internet campaign was noticed by Brian Micheal Bendis and was part of the inspiration for making Miles Morales.
Now the former Community star has been cast to voice the character of Miles Morales in Disney XD's series Ultimate Spider-Man: Web Warriors (according to USA Today). The new season will take Peter Parker (Drake Bell) through various parallel worlds where he meets different members of the Spider-Verse including Morales. The new season kicks off next year.
Here is a clip from Glover's Comedy Central special where he talks about the internet reaction to the idea of him being Spider-Man. The video is NSFW because of language… just so you know.